In the early 1940s, the idea of a Muslim state began to take shape. The Lahore Resolution was the first step toward Pakistan. The Congress Party is thrown in jail in 1942. This was a shock to the leaders of the party. They believed that the world had not changed since 1937, and the election results in 1945 were a surprise. That is when the debate over Pakistan’s founding began.
The creation of Pakistan was met with opposition from fundamentalist elements in the country. This group, which represented religious parties and opposed the concept of Muslim nationalism, felt left out after the state was created. They claimed that the state should be Islamic.
They argued that Islam should become the religion of the state and become the primary language of the nation. While this was true, the formation of Pakistan reaffirmed the need for more democracy and a more representative form of government. While elections at the local, provincial, and national levels would be held directly, the presidential elections would be indirect. As a result, the electoral college would function as an electoral college. The Constitution of the United States was not changed.
Islam and Hinduism were two major forces in the formation of Pakistan. The pre-partition period emphasized Muslim communalism, whereas the post-partition period was marked by a decline in the religious role.
Secular Muslims were the driving force of the Muslim nationhood movement. After the partition, the role of religion in Pakistan has been reduced to a minor one. This has caused a lot of controversy over the years.
The formation of Pakistan was based on the concept of two nations, despite the fact that the state is a nation of two. After independence, the leadership of Pakistan faced a huge challenge: to protect the state. It had a divided country with East Pakistan and West India. The entire country was surrounded by thousands of miles of Indian territory. The majority of Muslims remained in India. This led to the rise of extremists and terrorism.
In 1947, the idea of Pakistan was formed based on the principle of two nations. The first prime minister of the country was Liaquat Ali Khan. The two nations were governed by the British. However, the founding fathers of Pakistan had many differences and disagreements regarding religion. They appoint Liaquat Ali Khan as its first prime minister and Muhammad Ali Jinnah as its first governor-general.
The formation of Pakistan was a difficult process. The idea of a separate state was a controversial one. The Muslim League had fought against the British and the Congress, but the Muslim League won the war.
In 1956, the constitution of Pakistan was ratified and the country was proclaimed an Islamic democracy. As a result, the two-nation theory was never successful. During the independence struggle, religious ideologues of the two nations clashed. In the long run, they were forced to make choices.
In 1947, the founding fathers wanted Pakistan to be a secular state. During the independence struggle, Muslims were not happy with the idea of a secular state. The people yearned for a religious homeland. They were reluctant to accept the idea of a secular state. The Muslim leadership had to promote the idea of Pakistan as a religious state. Moreover, the role of religion in nation-building was crucial in establishing nationalism in the new country.
The objective of Pakistan is to create an Islamic state. The Muslim population wanted to be part of a larger country than the Muslim nation. They were not willing to give up their rights, but the government refused to grant them. The partition of India in 1947 was a major setback for the Muslims and the Hindus. The objective of the Muslim state is to be an Islamic country. The goal is to establish a “holy land” and a separate Muslim nation.